Understanding Kidney Infections in Dogs: The Causes, Symptoms, and How to Prevent
Kidney infections in dogs are a very common condition. It is also one of the most dangerous canine diseases because it can lead to permanent damage and even death if left untreated.
In this article, we’ll talk more about what causes kidney infections in dogs, the cause and symptoms, and of course, ways to prevent them.
What is a kidney infection in dogs, and how is it diagnosed?
Kidney infection is a common but potentially life-threatening condition in dogs. The kidneys are responsible for keeping the body healthy by filtering waste products from the blood and getting rid of excess water and electrolytes.
When dogs get kidney infections, the body’s immune system doesn’t recognize the bacteria that cause the infection as foreign. As a result, it can’t fight them off and often becomes more severe over time.
The condition known as “renal failure” is actually a very broad term that encompasses many different conditions. Some of them are very serious, but others are more common and easier to treat.
If your dog has an infection in one or both of his kidneys, it will affect his overall health. The symptoms may look like a urinary tract infection or a kidney disease rather than kidney problems, so it’s important to rule out other conditions before making a diagnosis.
What causes kidney infections in dogs?
The main reason for kidney infections in dogs is that the bacteria known as Pseudomonas aeruginosa is found in many places around the body, including your dog’s mouth and skin. However, it also lives inside your dog’s urinary tract. When this bacteria enters through a cut or damaged urine flow, it can cause an infection.
Bacteria that cause kidney infections include:
- Escherichia coli (E. coli)
- Klebsiella pneumonia (Pneumocystis carinii)
- Enterococci and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph)
- Other species of bacteria can also cause kidney infections in dogs, such as Bacillus cereus and Clostridium perfringens. These bacteria are not as common, but they can also cause serious illness if left untreated or if they spread to other parts of your dog’s body.
The second reason for kidney infections in dogs is that several different types of bacteria cause this condition, including E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The most common type is E. coli, which usually affects large breeds of dogs but can also affect smaller breeds with compromised immune systems, such as a toy or miniature poodles, Dalmatians, and Yorkshire terriers.
Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water
The most common cause of kidney problems in dogs is an infection due to bacteria or viruses. These infections can be spread through contaminated food or water and are most common in puppies and older dogs. Sometimes a dog will develop an infection after a long period of illness or stress.
If you have a puppy or older dog who loves to eat table scraps or treats from the table, make sure you always use separate bowls for each meal so that none of the foods on one plate touch any other food on anything else on the plate! Also, wash all dishes thoroughly before using them again, so no germs are left behind.
Infection from another animal such as a cat or dog
Infections that are spread by direct contact with an infected animal can be especially dangerous to your dog. If your dog is exposed to an infected animal, it could become ill and pass the infection on to your dog. The risk of transmission increases if you have a large number of pets in the household and if you don’t clean up after them or keep their waste away from areas where your dog plays.
Bladder stones or urinary tract stones
Bladder stones or urinary tract stones are the most common cause of kidney infections in dogs. Bladder stones are formed when special salts and crystals form in the urine. These crystals can form into hard deposits, which are called bladder stones. When these bladder stones become too large to pass through the ureter (the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder), they will move into the urethra (the tube that carries sperm out of the body). The resulting infection can be life-threatening if not treated quickly.